Peppermint (Mentha × piperita, also known as Mentha balsamea Wild) is ahybridmint, a cross betweenwatermintandspearmint. Indigenous toEuropeand theMiddle East, the plant is now widely spread and cultivated in many regions of the world. Although the genus Mentha comprises more than 25 species, the one in most common use is peppermint. While Western peppermint is derived from Mentha piperita, Chinese peppermint, or “Bohe”, is derived from the fresh leaves of Mentha haplocalyx. Mentha piperita and Mentha haplocalyx are both recognized as plant sources ofmentholandmenthoneand are among the oldest herbs used for both culinary and medicinal products.
Peppermint is a popular traditional remedy for a number of conditions. It is believed to have calming effects. It is used to treat flatulence, menstrual pains, diarrhea, nausea, depression-related anxiety, muscle and nerve pain, the common cold, indigestion, and IBS.